Buying homeowners insurance is an important step to protecting your home. But the type of policy that you select is also key. You’ll often see terms like HO-1 or HO-3. These refer to certain types of policies that you can choose when you buy home insurance. Each one gives you a different level of coverage.
When you get home insurance, you’ll need to choose which policy form you want. There are about eight forms you can choose from. Some of them are for specific types of people, such as owners of condos and mobile homes. There’s also a form for renters. Not all policy types offer the same coverage. The one you select could be the difference between paying for a disaster out of pocket or not.
In this article, we’ll tell you about each type of homeowners policy. This includes a breakdown of what makes up a regular home policy. You’ll also learn about the various perils that your insurance covers. Finally, we’ll give you an idea of which policy type is the best.
Why Your Type of Policy Is Important
The type of policy you choose is a crucial step in buying home insurance. It’ll decide how much protection you’ll receive. Each type of policy form covers property damage and liability protection. But the amount of coverage you receive will vary based on the form you choose.
There are usually 16 named perils that insurers cover your house from. Depending on the form you opt for, you might not receive coverage from all 16. This means that a disaster could strike your home and leave you needing to pay for everything yourself. Choosing the right policy form for your situation will prevent this from happening.
Some homeowners insurance forms are for select types of people. For instance, there are forms for condos, mobile homes, and house tenants. People in these categories would need to choose the form that works for them, rather than one for a standard homeowner.
What a Homeowners Insurance Policy Includes
All homeowners policies offer a similar amount of coverage. Here’s what you can expect a standard home insurance policy to cover:
- Dwelling coverage. This protects the physical structure of your home from any damages that your policy covers.
- Liability protection. Covers damages that you or your family members cause to other people’s property. This also includes pets.
- Personal belongings coverage. Covers any of your personal belongings that you lose in a disaster.
- Additional living expenses. Pays for your living expenses if a covered peril makes your home uninhabitable. This includes expenses like hotels and food. Note that this only covers costs that go above your usual living expenses.
Depending on the policy form you choose, you might not receive each type of coverage. You’ll need to pay close attention to each form’s benefits. This way you’ll receive the coverage that’s right for you.
What Are Named Perils?
Homeowners insurance protects you from a variety of perils. Perils are types of disasters that could damage your home and cost you money. There are typically around 16 perils that insurers will cover. But the type of policy you choose will affect how many you receive coverage from.
Here are the 16 named perils that insurers usually cover, per the Insurance Information Institute (III):
- Fire or lightning strikes
- Wind or hailstorms
- Riots or civil disturbances
- Damage that a vehicle causes
- Damage that planes or other aircraft cause
- Volcanic eruption
- Falling objects
- Damage from sleet, ice, and snow i.e., weight on roof
- Water damage from a discharge of faulty plumbing, sprinkler systems, appliances, or heat or air conditioning
- A sudden crack, tear, or bulge of a hot water or steam system, air conditioning, or fire-prevention system
- Freezing of heating, plumbing, or any other water system
- Accidental damage due to an artificial electrical current in the home
Note: some of the named perils above relate to failing systems in the home. Homeowners policies don’t cover poor home maintenance on your part that leads to damage. Your insurance will only cover perils out of your control.
What Are the Homeowners Insurance Policy Types?
There are eight types of homeowners insurance policies. Each one offers slightly different benefits than the others. Some aren’t even for standard homeowners. Choosing the right one will help you make sure you have the proper amount of coverage. Below is a list of each policy form and details about them:
HO-1: Basic or Limited Coverage
HO-1 is the most basic form of home insurance. It typically covers you from the first 10 perils on the list. It also doesn’t usually include any liability protection for you or your family. This policy form isn’t available in most states.
HO-2: “Broad Form”
HO-2 or a “broad form” policy will cover you from all 16 perils. Broad form is still a bit limited because it may not cover all four types of basic coverage. Depending on your insurer, a broad policy may cover liabilities.
HO-3: Special Form (Most Common Choice)
This is the most popular form of homeowners insurance. An HO-3 form will protect you from all perils. The only exceptions are perils that your insurer specifically names as not being part of the policy. HO-3 will also provide all of the basic home coverage types. This includes coverage for:
- The physical structure of the home
- Personal belongings
- Additional living expenses
An HO-4 form is for tenants. You may also see insurers call this renters insurance. This form doesn’t cover a house’s physical structure. It’s meant to protect you if you’re renting a house or other unit. It covers:
- Personal belongings
- Additional living expenses
HO-5: Comprehensive Form
HO-5 is the most comprehensive policy form. It’ll protect you from everything HO-3 will and more. You’ll have higher limits with this form. This makes it less likely that you’ll need to pay anything out of pocket. HO-5 also typically gives you the replacement cost for items and property you lose.
This form isn’t always available. You should ask your agent about its availability if you’re interested in extra coverage for your home.
This form is for condo or co-op owners. Like renters insurance, it doesn’t cover the physical structure of the building. It’ll only cover what’s inside your condo. Many insurers call this “walls-in” coverage. This includes a condo’s walls, ceiling, and floors. HO-6 also typically covers your personal belongings.
HO-7: Mobile Homes
HO-7 is for people who own a mobile home. It offers coverage for the physical structure of the home. It’ll also cover your personal belongings inside the house. What you get in HO-7 is similar to an HO-2 form. Be sure to ask your insurer about how exactly this form will cover you.
HO-8: Older Homes
An HO-8 form is for older homes. An older home is generally one that’s 40 years or older. An HO-8 policy will usually pay you the actual cash value for any damages to your home. This means they’ll pay you the replacement cost minus any loss in value.
Which Type of Policy Should You Choose?
The best policy form for you will depend on your situation. Of course, the form with the most protection is HO-5. But that may not be available or in your price range. Plus, it may not be right for you if you own a condo or mobile home.
The most popular choice is HO-3. This is because it covers you from all 16 perils and includes all of the basic coverages. Forms HO-1 and HO-2 either offer protection from fewer perils or have no liability coverage. This puts you at a higher risk, but they’ll be cheaper.
The policy form that you choose will come down to how much you’re willing to spend. The general idea is to buy as much insurance as you can. This’ll protect you from having a random disaster cost you thousands of dollars. But not all home insurers offer the same rates. It’s a good idea to compare quotes for each insurance company to get the best deal.
Frequently Asked Questions
Q: What is the most common homeowners insurance policy?
A: HO-3 or “special form coverage” is the most common type of homeowners insurance policy. It covers you from all 16 perils. The only perils that an HO-3 doesn’t cover are those that your insurer specifically says they won’t cover. It also includes the four basic home insurance coverage types:
- Dwelling coverage
- Personal belongings coverage
- Liability protection
- Additional living expenses
Q: What is broad form homeowners insurance?
A: Broad form homeowners insurance refers to the HO-2 policy. It’s a limited coverage policy that protects you from all named perils. It typically covers the structure of your home and your belongings. In some cases, liability protection may be part of a broad form policy.
An HO-2 form isn’t the most common type of home insurance policy. HO-3 forms offer the most well-rounded protection for homeowners. But HO-2 forms may be cheaper because they offer less coverage.
Q: What’s the difference between HO-5 and HO-3?
A: HO-5 and HO-3 are very similar. Both include all four of the basic coverage types. They also offer coverage for all 16 perils. But HO-5 offers extra coverage. When you have an HO-5 form, your insurer will pay you the replacement cost for any damages to your belongings or property. You’ll also have higher limits than if you had an HO-3 form. This reduces the likelihood of you needing to pay for any damages with your own money.