Just about every state, besides for New Hampshire and Virginia, requires car insurance. But it can be expensive. This can make it hard for those with a low or no income to afford it. It might even seem downright impossible to get coverage if you’re in this situation. This may force you to consider the possibility of not driving at all.
Fortunately, there are ways that you can get the coverage that you need. Some states offer programs for low-income individuals to get insurance. There are also ways to make your auto coverage cheaper. For example, taking advantage of discounts is a good way to lower your rates. Selecting the right provider is also a key step to getting more affordable coverage.
This article will show you how to get auto insurance if you’re a low-income individual. That includes taking a look at state-led programs for low-income people who are at or below the poverty line. You’ll also learn how to lower your rates so that they can be as cheap as possible.
State-Led Programs Can Help You
There are a few states that offer programs to help you buy car insurance if you can’t afford it. Some also refer to these programs as “government auto insurance.” States build these programs to help those who would otherwise be unable to get coverage because they can’t afford it financially.
Only three states offer a government insurance program. These states are Hawaii, California, and New Jersey. Each state runs its program in a unique way. This includes how you become eligible and how much help you get. All other states offer similar programs to help high-risk drivers get protection.
Below is a breakdown of all three of the state’s government auto insurance programs:
Hawaii offers financial assistance for buying insurance through its SNAP program. The SNAP program provides financial aid to those who are below a certain income or net worth limit. With the program, your auto coverage will come at no cost as long as you meet the state’s eligibility standards. To be eligible for the program, you need to:
- Be a resident of Hawaii and a US citizen
- Have an income less than Hawaii’s standard of assistance
- Have your total assets (stocks, bonds, real estate, cash) be below Hawaii’s standard of assistance
California’s Low-Cost Auto insurance program (CLCA) offers financial aid to those who need it. This program allows those who are low-income to get cheaper coverage. To take advantage of this program, you’ll need to qualify. California has a set of requirements that you need to meet to be eligible. Here’s what you’ll need to do to qualify:
- Have a current California driver’s license
- Be at least 16 years of age
- Maintain a good driving record
- Have an income that doesn’t exceed California’s threshold of eligibility
- Own a vehicle worth $25,000 or less
The CLCA provides people with basic liability coverage. This includes limits of up to:
- $10,000 of bodily injury per person
- $20,000 of bodily injury per accident
- $3,000 of property damage
You’ll also be able to get uninsured or underinsured motorist coverage. This is for when you get into an accident with an uninsured or underinsured driver. Here are the limits you’ll receive:
- $10,000 for each person (includes passengers)
- $20,000 for each accident
Medical payments coverage is another part of the program. You’ll receive up to:
- $1,000 for each person
Unfortunately, the program doesn’t include collision and comprehensive coverage. This means that damage to your car won’t be part of California’s program. You’ll have to add that to your policy on your own if you can afford it. Keep in mind that California only offers the bare minimum to you as part of its low-income program.
The State of New Jersey provides a way for low-income people to get help with their car insurance. New Jersey calls this program the Special Auto Insurance Policy (SAIP). It’s meant to help those who are at risk of not getting coverage because of a lack of “financial resources.”
Note that this policy isn’t free. It costs $360 upfront or $365 in “two installments.” It also doesn’t cover property damage liability or collision and comprehensive insurance. To be eligible for New Jersey’s policy, you’ll need to enroll for Federal Medicaid with Hospitalization.
Discounts Will Lower Your Rates
Unfortunately, only three states offer programs for low-income people. But there are other ways for you to lower your rates and make insurance a bit cheaper. Most insurers offer discounts that you can take advantage of. Qualifying for many discounts can add up and slash a percentage off of your rates.
Here are some of the most common discounts that insurers offer:
Having more than one car on your policy is a good way to get a discount. The amount of savings you’ll get depends on your insurer. For example, GEICO customers can save around 25% with the multi-vehicle discount.
Bundling your policies is a great way to save money on your insurance. This is when you combine auto, home, and other types of insurance under one provider. Your savings will vary depending on your rates and your insurer.
Vehicle Safety Discounts
Your provider may hand out discounts for car safety. This is when your car meets current safety standards. Examples include:
Check with your insurer to see what types of car safety discounts it has.
Good Student Discount
Nearly every insurance company offers a good student discount. If you have a kid in school, make sure you take advantage of this discount. It can save you up to 15% off your premium.
Many insurers offer discounts for military members and veterans. All you have to do is prove that you’re affiliated with the military in some way according to your insurer’s requirements. Be sure to speak with your agent to see what you need to do to get the discount.
Make Sure You’re Not a High-Risk Driver
Being a high-risk driver is very expensive. This is when insurers view you as a high-risk to do business with. Usually, your driving record is what will make you high risk. Violations like DUIs and reckless driving will likely cause you to become high-risk immediately.
The best way to avoid being high-risk is by making smart decisions. Here’s how you can keep your risk low:
- Don’t drink and drive
- Avoid tickets
- Drive as safely as you can. Practice defensive driving to avoid accidents. Think about enrolling in a driver safety course to improve your skills and pick up a discount
- Keep a good credit score
- Don’t miss any insurance payments or cancel your policy without notice
High-risk drivers will often not be able to find car insurance. And when they do, it isn’t cheap. This is because they’re at a higher risk of costing insurers money. If you’re high-risk, you’ll likely need to turn toward high-risk insurance or non-standard coverage, which is far more expensive than regular coverage. Being high-risk will make it almost impossible to buy insurance if you’re low-income.
What Affects the Cost of Your Insurance
Insurance rates are unique to each person. This is because insurers use a variety of factors to determine your rates. These include:
- Marital status
- Credit score
- Car mileage
- Driving experience
- Driving record
You should keep these rate factors in mind if you want to lower your costs. Age and gender aren’t in your control. But you can control many other factors. Living in an area with fewer accidents and crime can potentially lower your rates. Keeping a good credit score and driving record will also help.
If you’re still unhappy with how much you pay for coverage, it’s always a good idea to compare quotes from major companies. That’s your best bet for finding great coverage for the fairest price.
Frequently Asked Questions
Q: How do you get insurance if you can’t afford it?
A: There are a few ways to make your insurance cheaper or even get it for free. New Jersey, Hawaii, and California offer low-income programs to make sure everyone gets the coverage they need. Otherwise, we recommend trying to lower your rates as much as possible. This includes seeking discounts and maintaining a good driving record.
Q: How do I know if I qualify for low-income auto insurance?
A: New Jersey, California, and Hawaii all offer low-income government insurance. Each state has its own rules to qualify. In Hawaii and California, you must be below their income and asset-worth threshold. You should consult with Hawaii or California’s state laws to see what their threshold is. In New Jersey, you’ll need to have signed up for Medicaid to qualify.
Q: How much insurance will my state give me if I’m low-income?
A: Hawaii, California, and New Jersey are the only states that offer government-assisted insurance programs. They will typically give you the bare minimum amount of insurance that they require. This includes the minimum limits that they require. It also includes each type of coverage that’s mandatory.
Each state requires different types of insurance and varying amounts. Anything extra, such as full coverage, is up to you to add if you can afford to do so.