Do you have a car with a salvage title brand? It may be harder to find auto insurance if you own one. This article will help you understand what salvage titles are and how they affect your ability to buy car insurance.
What Is a Salvage Title?
Cars with salvage titles have been declared a total loss and unworthy to repair by insurance companies or registered owners. A car is a total loss when the cost of repairs surpasses its market value.
Auto insurance companies often declare a car as a total loss if it falls within a certain percentage of the car’s value, such as 50 to 90%. It’s important to note that each state and insurer has its own idea of what makes up a total loss.
Totaled cars are usually the result of major damages. Common examples include:
- Collisions with other cars or objects
- Natural disasters such as tornadoes, floods, and earthquakes
- Theft, either of your car or hard-to-replace parts
Once you or your insurance provider label your car a total loss, you must report it to your state as a salvage. Your state will issue your car a salvage certificate. This makes it illegal to drive on public roads and highways. You have some options if you have one of these vehicles. You can:
- Sell it
- Keep it and pay to repair it
- Keep it and use its parts, either to sell or re-use
Vehicles that undergo proper repairs and pass a thorough inspection can qualify for rebuilt status. Be aware that each state has unique inspection processes and standards when issuing a rebuilt title.
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Difference Between Rebuilt and Salvage Titles
People often confuse salvage titles with rebuilt titles. While both involve totaled cars, they have their differences and aren’t the same. Below is some quick info on both rebuilt and salvage vehicles:
A car with a rebuilt title is a salvaged vehicle that’s been repaired to a drivable state. Cars get rebuilt branding when they receive repairs and fulfill state requirements to become drivable.
Requirements often include an inspection, the specifics of which vary by state. Some states, such as Washington, also require owners to complete a checklist before they can convert their salvage title.
Because rebuilt vehicles are safe to drive, you’re likely to see them if you’re in the used car market. Many people favor them because they’re so much cheaper than vehicles with clean titles. But you could be in for a rude shock when you try to insure one. Some insurers, like PEMCO, won’t offer coverage options such as collision or comprehensive if you own one.
You may need to do the following for the state to issue a rebuilt title:
- Make sure your car has proper repairs to make it drivable
- Check your state’s requirements
- Keep records of bills of sale or receipts for parts you used to repair your car
- File the right documents (applications, forms, etc.) with your state
- Schedule an inspection
A salvage title refers to a car that an owner or insurance company deems a total loss. These vehicles are illegal to drive or park on public roads. They must be repaired before you can drive them.
Should You Buy a Car with a Salvage Title?
Buying a car with a salvage title could save you money, but it can also be risky. You’ll likely have a tough time finding insurance and may face some expensive repairs. Consider that salvages have sustained damage to the point where they’re no longer road-worthy. If you wanted to drive one, you’d have to take the steps to get it a rebuilt brand.
Buying a salvaged car could be more trouble than it’s worth for most people. Below are some pros and cons of buying one of these vehicles:
- You could save money. These vehicles cost less money because they’re damaged and need a lot of work to fix. You could save money if you have the time, experience, or resources to repair a wrecked car, especially if you buy a car that would normally cost a lot more.
- You might be able to get spare parts. If you don’t repair it, you could use it for parts. This is helpful if you’re a car enthusiast and want several parts that may be pricey if bought new.
- You could get a special car. Buying a totaled vehicle might be a good idea if you happen to find your dream car or a car you want that would otherwise be too expensive. In this case, you’d be able to repair it and make it street-legal.
- Potential fraud. Vehicle sellers might leave out some crucial info and only report minor damage, even if it’s much worse. You could end up paying much more than you bargained for if you buy one of these cars.
- Hard to find auto insurance. Most companies won’t insure a vehicle this badly damaged. Or, at the very least, they’ll only offer you a limited coverage policy.
- Hard to finance. Many banks and lending companies don’t want to finance these vehicles. This is because they’re hard to value due to many factors, including damage, year, make, mileage, and others.
- Hard to sell. Though they’re cheaper, these vehicles come with many risks and potential costs that may scare off some buyers.
- Not able to drive. Wrecked vehicles aren’t legal to drive. That means you’d have to rebuild yours if you wanted to take it on the road.
Insuring Cars with Salvage Titles
It’ll be difficult to find coverage if you own a vehicle with a salvage title. Most car insurance companies won’t insure them. This is because they’ve sustained so much damage that they’re unsafe to drive. Rebuilt titles have their own insurance issues because they were once a total loss, causing concern for insurance providers.
You’re also unlikely to get full coverage if you do manage to find a company that’ll insure your salvage. Many insurers will only offer limited coverage options, leaving out collision and comprehensive auto insurance. Keep in mind that salvages will usually be more expensive to insure due to their increased risks.
Salvages are also referred to as branded vehicles. Branded titles refer to any vehicle that’s a total loss due to a bad accident, flood, fire, or theft. Insurance companies will often say that they don’t insure cars with branded titles.
To find coverage for your vehicle, you can contact an agent or insurer directly. You can also compare quotes to see what other companies might offer you a policy.
How Much Does It Cost to Insure Salvage Titles?
Though many of the major auto insurance carriers don’t offer coverage for salvage titles, there are still some options. While companies will charge more to cover salvage vehicles, many factors affect auto insurance rates. Insurers will often look at the following when deciding your premium:
- Your age
- Car make and model
- ZIP code
- Your driving record
- Your driving experience
You can still try to get a good deal on your car insurance, even though salvage titles come with higher auto rates than clean title cars. It’s smart to look around the market and compare prices. That’ll help you find the best deal for your situation.
Frequently Asked Questions
Do salvaged cars cost more to insure?
This question is hard to answer. First, most major insurance companies don’t offer any coverage for salvage vehicles. There’s usually no need. Salvages are worth very little. And, since you can’t drive one, you don’t need liability. Another reason you don’t need coverage is that the car’s value will be low unless it’s an exotic or collector car. If you do manage to find a policy, it’ll likely be very expensive due to your car’s increased risk.
Can I remove “salvage” brand from my title?
The only way to remove the “salvage” brand is to take the steps to change it to a rebuilt title. To get a rebuilt title, your car must pass an inspection and/or complete a checklist, showing that it’s fully repaired and safe to drive on public roads.
There’s no way to make your salvage or rebuilt car a clean title again, however. Owners might move to a new state and try to pass their car off as a clean title. This is a form of fraud called “title washing.” For this reason, be sure to carefully review vehicle history using the VIN when you buy a used car.
Is a rebuilt title the same as a salvage title?
Rebuilt titles are not the same as salvage titles. Vehicles receive salvage branding when owners or insurance companies declare them a total loss. Cars with rebuilt titles used to be total losses, but now have passed an inspection and are legal to drive.
Can I get full coverage for a car with a salvage title?
Most insurers won’t offer full coverage for salvage cars. You’ll likely get a more limited policy, including liability insurance. Other options like collision and comprehensive coverage will probably be off the table. You probably won’t be able to cover a salvage vehicle with any insurance policy. And honestly, you wouldn’t need to be fully covered on a vehicle with so much damage that it’s totaled. Even liability makes little sense for a car you can’t even drive.